Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kerala Agricultural University,Regional Agricultural Research Station,Kumarakom PO, Kottayam 686 566,Kerala, INDIA.



 Fisheries and aquaculture contribute a major share of the livelihood of rural population in Kottayam district. Inland fisheries and associated vocations like lime shell extraction form significant means of income for many people. Farming of fish or prawns as a rotational crop to paddy when the inundated fields are otherwise unutilised, has become very popular in the district. However, there are several technical and socioeconomic constraints concerning ricefish/prawn rotational farming that hamper its development in the area. Conflicting interests in agriculture and aquaculture often threaten the viability of such a system. Proper awareness of the advantages of rotational cropping systems need to be created among the farming community, and guidelines need to be developed in order to make this system more sustainable. The topography and characteristics of soil and water in Kottayam are quite diverse that demands farming systems suitable to the region integrating agriculture, aquaculture and animal husbandry. The main focus of the Fisheries division of KVK Kottayam is to identify and popularise suitable systems of farming in the district with a view to augment the income and socioeconomic status of poor farmers in the region. Regular trainings, OFTs and FLDs are being